Cómo Configurar el Sistema de Coordenadas a una Referencia Topográfica

Cómo Configurar el Sistema de Coordenadas a una Referencia Topográfica

En el ambiente CAD, existen diferentes configuraciones del sistema de coordenadas rectangulares, las cuales pueden ser ajustadas al sistema UTM. Por lo cual, PROMINE, permite configurar dichas coordenadas a una referencia topográfica en el espacio de modelo, para efectuar mediciones y/diseños ajustados a dicha referencia. A través de este tips del mes te mostramos como efectuar dicha configuración. 

 

Puedes recibir una licencia de prueba de esta herramienta de PROMINE contactándonos al:

[email protected]

[email protected]

www.promine.com 

AutoCAD Modeling Plugins: Key Tools that Enhance Usability

AutoCAD Modeling Plugins: Key Tools that Enhance Usability

AutoCAD has been around for a long time. It has offered us an easy and fast way to model throughout this time and has adapted to the market’s changes.  

Some of these solutions are now completely integrated in our day-to-day tasks, for those who use AutoCAD. A good example of this is that the users now can completely work from the web app and save their work and continue in the AutoCAD desktop app, a feature that did not exist some years ago. 

How do people program something in AutoCAD? The answer: AutoLISP 

The AutoLISP feature in AutoCAD is a very popular feature used by thousands of utilities and applications that have been developed around the world (including Promine) and that have allowed users to improve their workflows. It has been very useful for every single industry in the world that is known so far and even NASA has used it in a mission (To patch a bug on the way to a spacecraft’s destination). 

Some of the words of our developers are “you can program everything”. This means that you can program every single feature in AutoCAD, but you just need the right tools and commands to do so. 

Modeling in 3D has become very popular, our clients expect us to deliver improvements in 3D and even competitors are working very hard on improving their 3D objects. 

There are some plugins for modeling on the market and hundreds of apps that can be integrated into AutoCAD. You just need to go to the Autodesk App Store to find hundreds of solutions for your tasks. Some of the preferred ones by the users are 3D solutions that are both free and not free and that can convert from one type of object to another one or that can import certain type of objects into AutoCAD. Some examples are the following: 

3D Stretch: This looks like a good option to stretch objects already built (nested solids). 

Arrange: Plug-in to arrange objects 

Hilti BIM/CAD Library: Very convenient way to integrate models of this type of object into AutoCAD 

Spiral Cone Unfolding: Generates a 3D model from cross sections and unfolds it into a flat pattern. 

These are only a few among the hundreds that you can find. You could even develop yours in AutoCAD, your own icons and functions with some training. Check out what AutoCAD has to offer on their website.

References: 

https://blogs.autodesk.com/autocad/new-integrations-improve-autocad-and-aec-workflows/ 

https://www.quora.com/Which-well-known-softwares-are-written-in-Lisp 

https://s3.amazonaws.com/autodesk-videos-output-prd/dd0459b0-8669-11eb-ac49-418db6f289f6/video.webm 

https://blogs.autodesk.com/autocad/my-insights/ 

https://apps.autodesk.com/ACD/en/Home/Index  

How can CAD Modeling be Useful in Engineering?

How can CAD Modeling be Useful in Engineering?

In every engineering program nowadays, there is always a course about CAD modeling. As school is supposed to prepare students for professional careers, Universities understand the importance of cad modeling in every industry today.   

First, CAD means Computer-Aided Design. It was created to replace manual drafting with the help of computers. CAD Technology allows 2D or 3D renderings of the drafts. With 2D Modeling, it is as if, the users were drawing on a sheet of paper whereas 3D modeling brings the design to life in the 3D Space.  

With CAD Modeling, drafters, artists, manufacturers, designers, architects, and engineers can test their design ideas, draft construction and engineering plans and visualize a realistic representation of their projects. 

Most engineering processes begin with the conceptual stage where a different set of ideas are explored and tested, to the production stage and delivery of the products, buildings, or infrastructures to the final users. Throughout this process, precision, accuracy, and efficiency are expected from engineers while at the same time respecting deadlines and budgets. In this capacity, CAD technology reveals itself as being useful to increase the efficiency of the processes by saving some time and offering accuracy and precision that manual calculations or drafting cannot. It allows users to modify and optimize processes in a few clicks. 

Whether it is, Chemical, Electrical, Civil, Mechanical, Biomedical, or Mining Engineering, CAD modeling offers many advantages that will be listed below: 

1. Savings of design time and increased efficiency  

Engineers are saving a lot of time with CAD technology because there is no need for hand drafting anymore. Drafting tasks that would have taken months and months to complete can now be accomplished in a few minutes. Also, in case of a mistake or requirements changes, engineers won’t have to redo the whole design again. With just a few clicks, the new requirements can be added, and the errors corrected. In addition, in many CAD software, templates, as well as nomenclature of recurrent elements, are included. The users can just use those elements in their drawings and don’t have to draw them again. Some elements in the conception can be isolated or added to other designs which allows the engineers to test different design combinations in a short period. 

2. Better Precision and Accuracy 

CAD technology software brings more accuracy and precision through the analysis of the viability of the designs with the help of mathematical models, therefore, reducing the need for physical prototype testing as well as mistakes. 

Most CAD software allows the usage of real data from the project to do costs and deadlines estimations. By using data from the project in real-time, engineers get a better sense of the reality and an accurate design that could be modified as the project progresses. 

 

3. Costs Reduction and accuracy of costs estimation 

By reducing considerably, the time associated with the design, projects are delivered in a faster time, and mistakes or faults in the design are detected earlier. In the long run, it reduces considerably the project costs. 

Also, the accuracy and precision brought by CAD modeling software allow for accurate costs estimations earlier in the conceptual phase. 

 

To conclude, CAD Technology is a powerful tool that engineers could use to get more efficient and produce more accurate designs while at the same time, reducing the costs associated with a project. 

With Promine, engineers and geologists can model diamond drill holes, as well as the 3D model of an orebody. They can design the drifts and the stopes and get volume and tonnage calculations. With the surveying modules, they can model real-time drifts and compare them to the planned stopes. With the mine planning module, different cost reports can be generated, and a Gantt chart produced. 

References:

CAD Software: 2D And 3D Computer-Aided Design. (n.d.). Retrieved October 15, 2021, from https://www.autodesk.ca/en/solutions/cad-software 

Bethany. (2021, June 05). How Engineers Use Computer Aided Design. Retrieved October 15, 2021, from https://www.scan2cad.com/blog/cad/how-engineers-use-cad/ 

Kadoch. (2020, January 13). 5 avantages de la modélisation 3D pour la conception de vos projets énergétiques. Retrieved October 15, 2021, from https://www.stantec.com/fr/ideas/content/blog/2020/from-stantec-era-5-ways-3d-modeling-changing-the-way-we-design-power-projects 

What is 3D CAD Modeling? – Product Design Company: Design Launchers. (n.d.). Retrieved October 15, 2021, from https://www.designlaunchers.com/what-is-3d-cad-modeling 

 

Minería en Bolivia: Historia y Actualidad

Minería en Bolivia: Historia y Actualidad

La situación minera en Bolivia, similar a los escenarios diarios que enmarcan la mayoría de los países latinoamericanos, refleja un país con abundante riqueza minera en sus suelos y una geología privilegiada para las labores mineras; además de la ocurrencia relevante de estos productos metálicos, los desarrollos del sector minero en el país a lo largo de la última década han conseguido hacer de los principales proyectos de extracción de la nación, potencias productoras mundiales. Entre las riquezas mineras del país, las mayores se concentran en los departamentos occidentales como Potosí (sur), La Paz (oeste) y Oruro (suroeste), en las que se encuentran el estaño (4º productor mundial), plata (11º productor mundial), cobre, tungsteno, antimonio, zinc, entre otros metales. 

 En Bolivia se pueden distinguir distintos tipos de minería. Según el Ministerio de Minería y Metalurgia, la actividad minera en el país se puede clasificar en: Minería estatal, minería mediana, minería chica o pequeña y cooperativas mineras. La minería estatal corresponde a las principales centrales mineras del país, mismas que registran la mayor producción en tonelaje cada día y quienes además cuentan con el mayor porcentaje de automatización y tecnificación de la labor minera entre los demás tipos; la minería mediana registra generalmente quinientas toneladas de material removido por día y finalmente la pequeña minería y cooperativas mineras representan el carácter artesanal de la nación.  

 Actualmente el país Andino está clasificado como una de las locaciones con mayor potencial en temas mineros; diversos proyectos de exploración revelan que la abundancia estimada de metales preciosos en suelo boliviano es aún mayor que el estimado y que de la misma forma, apoyados en un sistema de gobierno más incluyente con el sector de la minería, se esperan grandes proyectos de extracción en las localidad de Mallku Khota, Cerro Eskapa, San Pablo y Orkho Piña. 

 Además del potencial productivo en el subsuelo boliviano, la experticia metalúrgica del país posiciona esta localidad como uno de los futuros productores de metales no solo bajo la extracción bruta del mineral sino como un mercado capacitado para proveer metales refinados, siempre y cuando continúen las inversiones para el sector minero al interior del país. 

 Los procesos más actuales incorporados a la grandes empresas mineras en Bolivia, van de la mano con el concepto de tecnologías sostenibles, proponiendo la introducción de procesos y tecnologías bajo el concepto de producción más limpia, que no sólo permite a las operaciones mineras mejorar su desempeño ambiental, sino también ganar ahorro en material, agua y energía, resultando en un doble beneficio. 

 Bolivia cuenta con un potencial relevante y significativo para el sector minero, más allá de su riqueza mineral es importante resaltar la apertura de esta nación al mejoramiento continuo de las condiciones en mina y para el tratamiento y refinación de metales; de acuerdo a lo anterior se espera por parte del país que conoce la fundamentación minera desde la época de la colonia, gran apertura en diversos mercados del mundo. La invitación a seguir de cerca el crecimiento exponencial del país en temas afines a la minería y la metalurgia es un motivo de orgullo para la historia y la actualidad de la minería latinoamericana.  

Referencia:  

(2021). Retrieved 19 October 2021, from: https://www.plataformaintegraldemineria.org/sites/default/files/2018-11/Cinco%20siglos%20de%20acumulaci%C3%B3n%20de%20costos%20socioambientales%20La%20actividad%20minera%20en%20Bolivia.pdf